DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2312-413x.5.2.2017.105324

Phyto-inhalation for treatment of complications of acute respiratory viral diseases

I.B. Ershova, T.F. Osypova

Abstract


 Inhalations (inhalation of medicinal substances) are one of the effective ways to treat upper respiratory tract diseases and colds. Inhalation therapy is used to treat rhinitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, bronchitis and pneumonia, which can be complications of acute respiratory viral infections. The main rules of inhalation are as follows to conduct the procedure better after 1.5 hours after eating; clothes should not impede breathing; the procedure can be carried out only while sitting or standing; solution for the inhaler for treatment of bronchitis should be fresh; it is necessary to strictly keep the prescribed dosage; the time of the procedure should also be respected — usually it is from 1 to 4 minutes, sometimes for adults up to 10 minutes, for children the inhalation period is shorter — 1–2 minutes. Contraindications to inhalation are body temperature above 37.5 degrees; propensity to nasal blee­ding in a patient; propensity to increased arterial pressure, with cardiovascular failure; purulent inflammation of the tonsils; respiratory failure. The procedure should be stopped immediately in case of appearance of adverse symptoms such as shortness of breath, dizziness, difficulty in breathing. Therefore, inhalations must be prescribed by a doctor after examination of a patient. During inhalations in rhinitis, you should try to inhale the vapor through the nose. For effective treatment of rhinitis, inhalations from conife­rous plants are very suitable: fir, pine, juniper, larch, from steamed dried chamomile flowers, mint, and blackberry leaves. Honey inhalations can be used for the treatment of acute and chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tract (tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis and tracheitis). Medical herbal inhalation for children should be carried out from the age of two years. This must be done under the constant supervision of an adult. Leaves of coniferous trees: pine, fir, if or juniper, cedar are recommended for the treatment of children. Dried leaves of eucalyptus, lime, black currant, chamomile, mint and sage are also useful. During pregnancy, inhalations are one of the least risk ways to treat colds. It is necessary to keep precautions and correctly select herbs. For example, the use of medical herb farfara for inhalations is not recommended during pregnancy as well as the medical herbs that can cause allergies. In case of a cold, it is useful for pregnant women to use raspberry leaves, marigold flowers, flax flowers, as well as flowers and herb thyme for inhalations. Optimal herbs for inhalation during pregnancy will become chamomile, herb St. John's wort, thyme, althea and plantain if you need to cure a dry cough. In case of a moist cough, doctors recommend breat­hing a couple of herbs of yarrow decoction, rosemary or eucalyptus.


Keywords


acute respiratory viral infection; complications; inhalations; botanical medicine

References


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