Achievements and problems of immunoprophylaxis of infectious diseases in children at the present stage. Problems in the immunization of the population

Authors

  • A.O. Zaslavskaya Private Higher Education Institution “Kyiv Medical University of UAFM”, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • V.I. Dmitruk Private Higher Education Institution “Kyiv Medical University of UAFM”, Kyiv, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22141/2312-413x.5.5.2017.121628

Keywords:

vaccination, vaccines, immunoprophylaxis, viral he­patitis B, diphtheria, poliomyelitis, measles, rubella, anti-vaccination movement, review

Abstract

The article presents data on the state of immunization against major vaccine-controlled infections in international and regional subnational aspects. Some factors of the worsening of the epidemiological situation in Ukraine and the role of vaccination in the surveillance system for infections that are controlled by means of specific immunoprophylaxis are identified. The features and causes of the anti-vaccination movement and possible ways of counteracting it are highlighted.

References

Bondarchuk OB. Immunoprophylaxis is an actual problem of modern medicine. Klinichna immunolohiia. Alerholohiia. Infektolohiia. 2009;6-7(25-26):43-47. (in Ukrainian).

Markovych I. Analysis of infectious diseases of the population of Ukraine. Aktual'ni problemy klinichnoi' ta profilaktychnoi' medycyny. 2013;1(2):97-105. (in Ukrainian).

Chan M, Elias C, Fauci A, Lake A, Berkley S. Reaching everyone, everywhere with life-saving vaccines. Lancet. 2017 Feb 25;389(10071):777-779. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30554-8.

World Health Organization. The Immunization Landscape Today. In: World Health Organization. The Global Vaccine Action Plan 2011-2020. Geneva: WHO Press; 2013. 14-21 pp.

World Health Organization. Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization. 2016 Midterm review of the Global Vaccine Action Plan. Geneva: WHO Press; 2016. 26 p.

World Health Organization. WHO welcomes global health funding for malaria vaccine. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2016/funding-malaria-vaccine/en/ Accessed: November 17, 2016.

Ozawa S, Clark S, Portnoy A, Grewal S, Brenzel L, Walker DG. Return On Investment From Childhood Immunization In Low- And Middle-Income Countries, 2011-20. Health Aff (Millwood). 2016 Feb;35(2):199-207. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2015.1086.

Andreychyn MA, Bulych EH, Muravov IV, Horbachevsky IYa. Features common and dangerous infectious and parasitic diseases among children aged 0-14. Infectious diseases. 2016; 4(86):21-29. doi: 10.11603/1681-2727.2016.4.7208. (in Ukrainian).

Bondarenko VI , Fesenko AJ, Duda AK, Svita VN. Immunological aspects of virus infection in Ukraine. Simejna medycyna. 2013;2(46):22-27. (in Ukrainian).

Chudna LM, Zadorozhna VI, Marychev IL, Demchishin IV. Vaccine and its impact on the incidence of infections managed by means of specific immunization. Preventive medicine (epidemiology, microbiology, virology, parasitology, infectious disease). 2013;1-2(20):3-11. (in Ukrainian).

Pechinka AM. Diphtheria epidemic and vaccination. In: Proceeding of the Scientific and Practical Conference on Vaccine prophylaxis and immunotherapy of infectious diseases.2008 Sep 25; Khmelnitsky, Ukraine. Klinichna immunolohiia. Alerholohiia. Infektolohiia. 2008;6-8(17-19):17-18. (in Ukrainian).

World Health Organization. Measles outbreaks across Europe threaten progress towards elimination. Press release. Available from: http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2017/measles-outbreaks-across-europe-threaten-progress-towards-elimination . Accessed: March 28, 2017.

Kramarev SA. Universal mass vaccination of children of early age - the strategy of choice in prevention of hepatitis B. Zdorov'ye Rebenka. 2010;4(25):42-44. (in Russian).

Ministry of health of Ukraine. Order № 551 dated August 11, 2014. On improving the implementation of preventive vaccinations in Ukraine. Available from: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/z1237-14 . Accessed: August 11, 2014. (in Ukrainian).

Ministry of health of Ukraine. Information on the state of implementation of the National Program for Immunoprophylaxis and Protection of the Population from Infectious Diseases for 2009-2015 for 2014. Available from: http://old.moz.gov.ua/ua/portal/pgrep_imun_2014.html . (in Ukrainian).

Demichovskaya EV, Chudnaya LM. The epidemic of diphtheria in Ukraine: results and synthesis. Ukrainian Medical Journal. 1999;3(11):57-58. (in Ukrainian).

Volianska LA. Epidemic Realities of Measles in the Ternopil Region. Aktual'naya Infektologiya. 2016;2(11):98-103. (in Ukrainian).

Andrejchyn MA. The problem of infectious diseases in Ukraine: illusions and reality. In: Proceeding of the All-Ukrainian scientific-practical conference devoted to the 20th anniversary of the Department of Infectious Diseases with Epidemiology of Sumy State University on Infectious diseases in practice of physician-internist: modern aspects. 2017 May 25-26; Sumy, Ukraine. (in Ukrainian).

Issue

Section

Review