Azithromycin use in clinical practice

S.O. Kramarov, V.V. Yevtushenko


Azithromycin is an antibiotic, which is usually used to treat infections of the upper and lower respiratory tract in children. Despite its high popularity, concerns have been raised regarding the increasing resistance of respiratory pathogens to this drug in recent years. The pharmacokinetics, spectrum of activity, the problem of resistant bacteria and clinical aspects, as well as recommendations on the use are considered. Azithromycin is recommended as an antibiotic of choice for empirical therapy and selective therapy of major bacterial pathogens of acute intestinal infections in children, for etiotropic treatment of whooping cough, with Lyme disease and for long-term immunomodulatory therapy of cystic fibrosis.


azithromycin; infections; treatment


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