DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2312-413x.6.4.2018.142471

Antibiotic therapy of acute uncomplicated cystitis

S.A. Kramarov, L.V. Zakordonets

Abstract


Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common bacterial infections in humans. Annually in the world, about 150 million cases of UTI are registered. Several risk factors are associated with UTIs, including diabetes, immunodeficiency diseases, structural abnormalities of the kidneys and urinary tract, spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, pregnancy, infancy, or elderly age. The main direction in the treatment of acute uncomplicated UTI is antibiotic therapy. The article presents data of current international recommendations on the treatment of UTI.

Keywords


urinary tract infections; cystitis; treatment; fosfomycin

References


Linhares I, Raposo T, Rodrigues A, Almeida A. Frequency and antimicrobial resistance patterns of bacteria implicated in community urinary tract infections: a ten-year surveillance study (2000-2009). BMC Infect Dis. 2013 Jan 18;13:19. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-13-19.

Flores-Mireles AL, Walker JN, Caparon M, Hultgren SJ. Urinary tract infections: epidemiology, mechanisms of infection and treatment options. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2015 May;13(5):269-84. doi: 10.1038/nrmicro3432.

Nicolle LE. Epidemiology of urinary tract infection. Infect Med. 2001;18:153-162.

Foxman B. Epidemiology of urinary tract infections: incidence, morbidity, and economic costs. Am J Med. 2002 Jul 8;113 Suppl 1A:5S-13S.

Gupta K, Scholes D, Stamm WE. Increasing prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among uropathogens causing acute uncomplicated cystitis in women. JAMA. 1999 Feb 24;281(8):736-8.

Colgan R, Keating K, Dougouih M. Survey of symptom burden in women with uncomplicated urinary tract infections. Clin Drug Investig. 2004;24(1):55-60.

Lopatkin NA, Derevianko II. Uncomplicated and complicated urogenital infections - Principles of antibacterial therapy. RMJ. 1997;(24):2.

Kochueva MN. Acute uncomplicated cystitis: Adequate therapy is a means of preventing relapse. Zdorov’ja Ukrai'ny 21 storichchja. 2017;(403). Available from: http://health-ua.com/article/25992-ostryj-neoslozhnennyj-tcistit-adekvatnaya-terapiya--sredstvo-profilaktiki-r. Accessed: 20 Apr;2017.

Davis NF, Flood HD. The Pathogenesis of Urinary Tract Infections. In: Nikibakhsh A, editor. IntechOpen; 2011. doi: 10.5772/22308.

Foxman B. Urinary tract infection syndromes: occurrence, recurrence, bacteriology, risk factors, and disease burden. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2014 Mar; 28(1):1-13. doi: 10.1016/j.idc.2013.09.003.

Ronald A. The etiology of urinary tract infection: traditional and emerging pathogens. Dis Mon. 2003 Feb;49(2):71-82. doi: 10.1067/mda.2003.8.

Fatima S, Muhammad IN, Usman S, Jamil S, Khan MN, Khan SI.

Incidence of multidrug resistance and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase expression in community-acquired urinary tract infection among different age groups of patients. Indian J Pharmacol. 2018 Mar-Apr;50(2):69-74. doi: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_200_17.

López-Banda DA, Carrillo-Casas EM, Leyva-Leyva M, et al. Identification of virulence factors genes in Escherichia coli isolates from women with urinary tract infection in Mexico. Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:959206. doi: 10.1155/2014/959206.

Falagas ME, Vouloumanou EK, Togias AG, et al. Fosfomycin versus other antibiotics for the treatment of cystitis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2010 Sep;65(9):1862-77. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkq237.

Bader MS, Loeb M, Brooks AA. An update on the management of urinary tract infections in the era of antimicrobial resistance. Postgrad Med. 2017 Mar;129(2):242-258. doi:10.1080/00325481.2017.1246055.

European Association of Urology; Bonkat G, Pickard R, Bartoletti R, et al. Guidelines on Urological Infections. 2011. Available from: http://uroweb.org/guideline/urological-infections/

Gupta K, Hooton TM, Naber KG, et al. International Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis and Pyelonephritis in Women: A 2010 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the European Society for Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Mar 1;52(5):e103-20. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciq257.

Dawood AS, Dawood AS, Nagla SA, El-Bakary MA. Fosfomycin Therapy for NonComplicated Lower Urinary Tract Infections during Pregnancy: Tanta University Experience. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2017;7(5):532-544. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2017.75056.

MOH of Ukraine. Urofoscin - instruction for the drug. Available from: https://compendium.com.ua/info/281057/urofostsin/




Copyright (c) 2018 ACTUAL INFECTOLOGY

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

© Publishing House Zaslavsky, 1997-2018

 

   Seo анализ сайта