DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2312-413x.7.1.2019.159223

Modern etiopathogenetic and clinical features of rotavirus infection in children

M.N. Garas, U.I. Marusyk

Abstract


The paper shows the leading etiological role of rotavirus infection among the causes of acute gastroenteritis and secretory diarrhea in childhood. It describes the contribution of rotavirus in the structure of nosocomial gastrointestinal infections. In a temperate climate, the pathogen is characterized by winter seasonality and a certain age dependence (mostly at an early age). The typical clinical features of rotavirus infection are a combination of respiratory and gastrointestinal manifestations in the form of respiratory catarrh and acute gastroenteritis. In recent years, the role of rotavirus in the development of extraintestinal cerebral symptoms (meningoencephalitis, seizures, myositis, and poliomyelitis-like illnesses) has been proved.

Keywords


rotavirus infection; gastroenteritis; diarrhea; children

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