DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2312-413x.7.3.2019.170993

Modern approaches to the treatment of herpetic infection in children

S.O. Kramarov, V.V. Yevtushenko

Abstract


It is currently known 8 pathogenic herpesviruses: two types of herpes simplex virus (HSV-1, HSV-2), varicella zoster virus, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, HHV-6, HHV-7, and HHV-8. Herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 are members of the Herpesviridae family and are characterized by their ability to establish latency after primary infection and subsequently reactivate. After lytic infection on the surface of peripheral mucosa, HSV can enter sensory neurons and establish latent infection during which viral replication ceases. Moreover, latent virus can re-enter the replication cycle by reactivation and return to peripheral tissues to start recurrent infection. Drugs used today with anti-herpesvirus activity include acyclovir, cidofovir, famciclovir, foscarnet, ganciclovir, idoxuridine, penciclovir, trifluridine, valacyclovir, valganciclovir, and vidarabine. Inosine pranobex is another antiherpetic medication with direct antiviral and immunomodulatory activity. Inosine pranobex can improve the clinical course of the recurrent herpetic infection and accelerate the normalization of immunological parameters.

Keywords


herpesviruses; herpes simplex infection; treatment; inosine pranobex; children

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