DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2312-413x.8.3-4.2020.212660

Assessment of measles vaccination awareness

L.O. Yushchenko, O.V. Tykholaz, V.S. Oliynyk

Abstract


Background. Vaccination coverage has already reduced in many countries due to a COVID-19 pandemic, which may lead to new outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. Currently, a lot of children may miss out on receiving life-saving measles vaccine. The purpose of the study: to assess the awareness of medical students of measles immunization issues, to analyze their attitude to vaccination and to determine what influence on decision making, to identify the main issues of concern regarding measles vaccination. Materials and methods. An anonymous online survey of 350 medical students has been conducted using Google Forms. Results. According to the national vaccination calendar, 80 % of participants received two doses of MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine, 2.9 % — just one dose, 12.9 % — three, 1.4 % were not vaccinated, and 2.9 % did not have an accurate information about their vaccination status. The main reasons for the refusal of vaccination were: frequent childhood diseases, presence of chronic diseases, lack of vaccine, doubts about vaccine quality. Students have been vaccinated at the request of the education institution (31 %), on their own initiative (50 %), on the advice of parents (17.2 %) and doctors (9.5 %) during the measles outbreak. Respondents choose various sources of information about immunization, such as doctors’ recommendations (73.9 %), the Internet data (36.9 %), special medical literature (34.2 %). A lot of students (95 %) know the right time to get MMR vaccine. Most of them (66.6 %) were aware of the storage conditions, right place and administration of the vaccine, but they did not have enough information about MMR vaccine composition, its effectiveness and duration of protection after immunization. Only 53.3 % of students supported vaccination as a preventive measure. Conclusions. Obtained results indicated the necessity of raising awareness of vaccine prevention issues, creating new strategies for communication with patients about the benefits of immunization. Studying the reasons for refusal of vaccinations, increasing awareness of immunization through effective communication with future doctors and people in order to facilitate decision making can help healthcare workers to increase MMR vaccination coverage.

Keywords


measles; vaccination; prevention

References


Statement by Measles & Rubella Initiative: American Red Cross, U.S. CDC, UNICEF, UN Foundation and WHO. Atlanta/Geneva/New York. Available from https://www.who.int/immunization/diseases/measles/statement_missing_measles_vaccines_covid-19/en/. Accessed: April 14, 2020.

World Health Organization. Reported measles cases and incidence rates by WHO Member States. Available from: https://www.who.int/immunization/monitoring_surveillance/burden/vpd/surveillance_type/active/measles_monthlydata/en/. Accessed: 2020.

ВВС NEWS. Кількість випадків захворювання на кір у 2019 році у світі зросла в чотири рази — ООН. Available from: https://www.bbc.com/ukrainian/news-47951010. Accessed: 16 квітня, 2019.

World Health Organization. Measles in the WHO European Region. Available from: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0020/420932/WHO-Measles-Sitrep-Dec-2019.pdf?ua=1. Accessed: 2019.

WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data. Global measles and rubella strategic plan: 2012–2020. Available from: https://reliefweb.int/report/world/global-measles-and-rubella-strategic-plan-2012-2020. Accessed: 2012.

Hassan A., Oppel Jr R.A. New Measles Cases Reach Weekly High for 2019. The New York Times. Available from: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/09/us/measles-outbreak.html. Accessed: April 9, 2019.

Plotkin S.A., Orenstein W.A., Offit P.A., Edwards K.M. Vaccines. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier, 2018.

Palumbo P., Hoyt L., Demasio K., Oleske J., Connor E. Po­pulation-based study of measles and measles immunization in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 1992. 11(12). 1008-1014. doi: 10.1097/00006454-199211120-00004.

World Health Organization. Measles vaccines: WHO position paper, April 2017 — Recommendations. Vaccine. 2019. 37(2). 219-222. doi: 201710.1016/j.vaccine.2017.07.066.

Дараган Г.М., Крушинська Т.Ю., Степанський Д.О., Демчишина І.В., Колеснікова І.П. Актуальні питання вакцинації та епідеміологічного нагляду за кором і краснухою в Україні. Клінічна медицина. 2018. 18(13). 38-43. doi: 10.26641/2307-0404.2018.1(part 1).127206.

Міністерство охорони здоров’я України. Наказ № 958 «Про внесення змін до Календаря профілактичних щеплень в Україні». Available from: https://moz.gov.ua/article/ministry-mandates/nakaz-moz-ukraini-vid-23042019--958-pro-vnesennja-zmin-do-kalendarja-profilaktichnih-scheplen-v-ukraini. Accessed: 23 квітня, 2019.

Fadda M., Depping M.K., Schulz P.J. Addressing Issues of Vaccination Literacy and Psychological Empowerment in the Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) Vaccination Decision-Making: A Qualitative Study. BMC Public Health. 2015. 15(836). 1-13. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-2200-9.

Попова А.Ю., Бичурина М.А., Лаврентьева И.Н. и др. Изучение уровня иммунитета к вирусу кори в отдельных группах населения Гвинейской Республики в рамках глобальной программы элиминации кори. Сообщение 2. Инфекция и иммунитет. 2017. 7(1). 79-84. doi: 10.15789/2220-7619-2017-1-79-84.

Rota P.A., Moss W.J., Takeda M., Swart R.L., Thompson K.M., Goodson J.L. Measles. Nat. Rev. Dis. Primers. 2016. 2(16049). doi: 14;2:16049.10.1038/nrdp.2016.49.

Міністерство охорони здоров’я України. Наказ № 2070 «Про внесення змін до Календаря профілактичних щеплень в Україні та Переліку медичних протипоказань до проведення профілактичних щеплень». Available from: http://search.ligazakon.ua/l_doc2.nsf/link1/RE34153.html. Accessed: 11 жовтня, 2019.

Інструкція для медичного застосування медичного імунобіологічного препарату пріорікс. Реєстраційне посвідчення № UA/13694/01/01. Наказ МОЗ України № 1860. Available from: http://moi-privivki.com/docs/Priorix%20instruction.pdf. Accessed: 21 серпня, 2019.




Copyright (c) 2020 ACTUAL INFECTOLOGY

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

© Publishing House Zaslavsky, 1997-2020

 

   Seo анализ сайта