Zika Virus Infection
Zika virus disease — an infectious disease caused by a virus of the same name from the Flaviviridae family. The main route of transmission of the virus is the infection through the blood during a bite by tropical mosquitoes of Aedes genus and sexual contact with a patient. Only in Brazil in 2015 Zika fever affected a half million people. There is a serious risk of further spread of the infection, for this reason, the disease has been given a status of pandemic. The incubation period is 3 to 12 days. In 75 % of cases, Zika fever is asymptomatic. Symptomatic form is usually occurs in a mild, rarely — in moderate-to-severe form. The symptoms — weakness, often low-grade fever, chills, headache, retro-orbital pain, myalgia and arthralgia, maculopapular rash on the face and body. Conjunctivitis, intolerance of bright light develop. Nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, cough, sore throat, lymphadenopathy occur less often. Cases of death in people with fever Zika are extremely rare. In areas, where Zika fever outbreak is detected, an increased number of children born with microcephaly is recorded. The disease is diagnosed by polymerase chain reaction. Drugs for the treatment and vaccines for the prevention of the disease do not exist. Conventional antiviral drugs are ineffective. The only way of medical exposure is symptomatic treatment. After recovery, lifelong immunity is formed. Protection against disease is only avoiding mosquito bites in areas where there is Zika fever.
The disease is caused by a virus Zika [Electronic resource] / World Health Organization. – Russian. - Access mode: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/zika/ru/
A regional framework for the surveillance program and the fight against invasive species of mosquito and vector-borne diseases returning, 2014-2020. (2013). [Electronic resource:] - Russian. - Access mode: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0018/232812/Regional-framework-for-surveillance-and-control-of-invasive-mosquito-vectors-and-re-emerging-vector-borne-diseases-20142020-Rus.pdf?ua=1
The countries and territories with local transmission Zika [electronic resource]: in English. language. – URL: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/zika_virus_infection/zika-outbreak/Pages/Zika-countries-with-transmission.aspx
ECDC. Rapid risk assessment: Zika virus epidemic in the Americas: potential association with microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Stockholm: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, 2015.
Laith Y. Zika virus outbreak in the Americas: the need for novel mosquito control methods. / Y. Laith, T. Walker // Lancet Global Health. 2016. In Press.
Nitatpattana N, Kanjanopas K, Yoksan S, Satimai W, Vongba N, Langdatsuwan S, et al. Long-term persistence of Chikungunya virus neutralizing antibodies in human populations of North Eastern Thailand. Virol J 2014; 11: 183; http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/ 1743-422X-11-183.
Oehler E, Watrin L, Larre P, Leparc-Goffart I, Lastere S, Valour F, et al. Zika virus infection complicated by Guillain-Barre syndrome—case report, French Polynesia, December 2013. Euro Surveill. 2014;19:20720.
Roth A, Mercier A, Lepers C, Hoy D, Duituturaga S, Benyon E, et al. Concurrent outbreaks of dengue, chikungunya and Zika virus infections-an unprecedented epidemic wave of mosquito-borne viruses in the Pacific 2012–2014. Euro Surveill 2014; 19(41). pii=20929, http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES2014.19.41. 20929.
Zika Virus Infection, Philippines, 2012 / M. T. Alera, L. Hermann, Ilya A. Tac-An, C. Klungthong [et al.] // Еmerging Infection Diseases. – 2015 // Vol. 21/ P/ 722 – 724. [Electronic resource:] http://mail.bashgmu.ru/files/zika/43.pdf
Zika virus infection in a traveller returning from the Maldives, June 2015. / Korhonen E.M., Hugtamo E., Smura T. [et al.] // European communicable disease bulletin. - 2016. Vol. 21. – P.1. [Electronic resource:] http://mail.bashgmu.ru/files/zika/41.pdf
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2016 ACTUAL INFECTOLOGY
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
© Publishing House Zaslavsky, 1997-2018