Epidemic Realities of Measles in the Ternopil Region

L.A. Volianska

Abstract


Measles is an infection controlled by means of vaccination, which continues to be a great social and economic problem for the Ternopil region. The paper analyzed the materials of accounting documents of the Head Department of the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Service of Ukraine and pediatric infectious hospitals in the Ternopil region. The incidence of measles, which was registered during the time of independence, was much higher than the nationwide figures, had epidemiological rates typical for prevaccination period. In all analyzed peak periods, the school-age children were age group most vulnerable to measles. We have found a strong tendency to shifts in the incidence towards senior school age and adult population. Among patients, there was a high percentage of vaccinated individuals. The emergence of measles virus genotype D4 was laboratory-confirmed during the last outbreak in the region. Analysis of measles outbreaks reflects the need for deeper study of the characteristics of the formation of post-vaccination anti-measles immunity in the present conditions, taking into account the need to investigate specific immunological phenomena.


Keywords


measles; vaccination; immunity

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2312-413x.2.11.2016.77539

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