Etiological Features of Community-Acquired Pneumonia Associated with the Outbreak of Acute Respiratory Diseases and Peculiarities of Its Course in Mobilized Soldiers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine
Community-acquired pneumonia remains one of the most pressing problems of bronchopulmonary pathology among military personnel. Risk group are newly organized military units, where outbreaks of infectious diseases occur, in particular acute respiratory ones, that caused the outbreaks of community-acquired pneumonia. Despite the fact that considerable progress was achieved in the diagnosis and treatment of community-acquired pneumonia and prevention of its complications, on the one hand, there was a significant evolution in the views on the understanding of the pathogenesis of infectious process, on the other — the indices of morbidity and mortality remain its growth dynamics around the world. We have examined separately 50 patients with community-acquired pneumonia, who were treated in April 2015. Of these, in 44 (88 %) patients we have detected a viral agent: adenovirus — in 34 patients, rhinovirus — in 14, influenza A — in 3, parainfluenza — in 1, coronavirus 229E — in 1, coronavirus OC43 — in 1 patient ; viral agent has not been detected in 6 patients.
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