Salmonellosis Features in Children Today
There were studied the features of clinical picture, diagnosis and treatment of salmonella infection in 109 children aged from 4 months to 14 years, who were hospitalized in the Department of Infectious Diseases in Children’s Clinical Hospital № 2 in Kiev. Salmonellosis was found to occur mostly in children of the first three years of life have (51.4 %). In 95.4 % of patients food mode of transmission prevailed. All the patients had gastrointestinal form of salmonellosis; moderate forms of infection (94.4 %) prevailed. The clinical picture for all the children at the present stage was characterized by the acute onset with the development of intoxication syndrome within the first hours, gastrointestinal dysfunction, involving all gastrointestinal area in the process in half of the cases (50.5 %) and the presence of colitis syndrome in most patients (67.9 %). Taking into account the parameters of antibioticgram, ceftriaxone and nitrofuran cannot be the drugs of choice for the treatment of salmonellosis at the present stage.
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